Critics argue that legalization stimulates the use of marijuana and other drugs or alcohol, increases crime, decreases road safety, harms public health and reduces adolescent educational performance. A number of negative impacts are associated with the legalization of marijuana due to its adverse effects. Greater drug accessibility would likely lead to increased use and would entail a new law or laws on cannabis. It is also likely that the marketing of marijuana will include children and adolescents, which would lead to more young people using the drug.
Young people who use marijuana could cause a higher incidence of abuse and addiction. Some evidence also points to the correlation of marijuana with mental illnesses such as psychosis and schizophrenia, which increases health impacts. Children who start using marijuana may develop cannabis use disorder and may have a reduced IQ compared to young people who do not use it. In addition, the marijuana available today is a very different drug than what was available in past decades.
THC levels are much higher in marijuana currently circulating, making it potentially more harmful to the brain and more addictive. The health outcomes are enormous and many experts also consider marijuana to be an entry drug. This means that people start using marijuana and can then move on to more lethal drugs, such as heroin, causing even more negative effects. By researching medical cannabis laws and their impacts on marijuana users, studies show that average users do not have terminal or serious illnesses, but do have addiction rates that are almost twice as high as in states without medical marijuana laws and recreational legalization.
The potential for private groups to finance the production and marketing of marijuana and all related products is unlikely to have a positive outcome for anyone, especially young people, who would be a big marketing target for these products, since they can even grow marijuana on their own or buy it. on the black market. There is substantial evidence to suggest that marijuana is harmful to the respiratory system. It is associated with symptoms of obstructive and inflammatory pulmonary disease,11,50 an increased risk of lung cancer,14,15 and is suspected to be associated with reduced lung function in intensive users, 51 In addition, its use has been associated with adverse effects on other organ systems, including reproductive,52 gastrointestinal,53 e immunological10, 54 systems.
While you might think that legalization is simply a yes or no dichotomy, it's important to recognize that there are actually several forms that legalization can take, each accompanied by its own set of pros and cons. One way in which drugs can be legalized for recreational use (for example,. This form of legalization prohibits the branding of products and advertising that are designed by industries to proactively increase sales, consumption and profits. This is what is currently happening with alcohol and it did so for a long time endlessly because of tobacco.
Marijuana and THC are still illegal at the federal level, even though many states have legalized their use. In states where it is legal, marijuana is a fast-growing industry with sales to people 21 and older in retail stores, wineries, breweries, coffee shops, dispensaries, online and is also grown at home. Marijuana is the only “drug” that is smoked, and although it is not yet fully understood, there are legitimate concerns about the long-term effects of marijuana smoke on the lungs. However, despite these limited indications in which marijuana compounds have a proven but modest effect in high-quality clinical trials, medical marijuana is overwhelmingly used for non-specific pain or muscle spasms.
This committee would gather, analyze and report data on the effects of marijuana use and changes in marijuana policy, and recommend priorities for research in this area. A substantial and growing literature documents that legalized marijuana can have adverse effects on individual and public health. In addition, they say, more people can receive treatment if income and taxes from the legal sale of marijuana are channeled to prevention and recovery programs, such as in Oregon and Arizona. The authors point out that the 6 to 9 percent increase in the frequency of excessive alcohol consumption in adults, together with an estimated increase in the likelihood of concurrent marijuana and alcohol use of 15 to 22 percent, suggests that legalization could result in considerable economic and social costs derived from health waters lower care costs and loss of productivity.
A drug such as marijuana, for example, could be legalized for recreational use, but its commercial advertising in certain places and at certain times when children and adolescents are likely to be exposed to ads, is restricted. The issue of recreational marijuana is a broader social policy consideration involving the implications of the effects of legalization on international drug cartels, national criminal justice policy, and federal and state tax revenues, as well as public health. With a growing number of states legalizing marijuana and other drugs, the debate continues over whether the negative effects of drug decriminalization outweigh the positive ones. People aged 12 to 20 were 5 to 6 percent more likely to try marijuana for the first time when medical use was legalized.
Supporters of drug legalization argue that imprisonment is not an effective deterrent to drug use, and that decriminalization makes it possible to regulate the marijuana industry, such as tobacco and alcohol. Legalization increased the likelihood of teens starting marijuana use in the past year by 0.32 to 0.46 percent, an increase of 5 to 6 percent. But are these increases due to the decriminalization of drugs? Studies show that drug legalization has increased marijuana use among adults, but not among adolescents, as many feared would be the case. .