A total of 37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. UU. Virgin Islands Regulates Cannabis for Medical Use by Qualified Individuals. See Table 1 below for more information.
NCSL's policy on state cannabis laws can be found in Additional Resources below. States with medical cannabis laws generally have some type of patient registry, which can provide some protection against arrest for possession of up to a certain number of products for personal medical use. Some of the most common policy questions regarding medical cannabis include how to regulate its recommendation, dispensing, and registration of approved patients. Some small cannabis growers or are often called caretakers and can grow a certain number of plants per patient.
This issue can also be regulated at the local level, in addition to any state regulation. S 710 B (200) - Legislature overturned Governor's veto, SB 791 (200), SB 185 (200) * (Not marked on the map above) because the state does not regulate the production or sale of low-CBD products. SB 339 (201) Texas Compassionate Use Act (State Marijuana Policy) covered in episode 4 of the NCSL podcast, Our American States. You can find it on our website or subscribe to the podcast on iTunes, Google Play, or your favorite podcast app.
In the United States, the use and possession of cannabis is illegal under federal law for any purpose under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (CSA). According to the CSA, cannabis is classified as a Schedule I substance, and is determined to have a high potential for abuse and medical use is not accepted, so even medical use of the drug is prohibited. Despite this, most states have legalized the medical and recreational use of cannabis, or both. Medical use of cannabis is legal with a doctor's recommendation in 37 states, four out of five United States permanently inhabited.
Territories and the District of Columbia (D, C. Eleven other states have laws that limit the psychoactive compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), in order to allow access to products rich in cannabidiol (CBD). Although cannabis remains a Schedule I drug, the Rohrabacher-Farr Amendment prohibits federal prosecution of individuals who comply with state medical cannabis laws. Some cannabis-derived compounds have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for prescription use.
Cannabinoid drugs that have received FDA approval are Marinol (THC), Syndros (THC), Cesamet (nabilone) and Epidiolex (CBD). For OTC use, CBD and Delta-8-THC derived from industrial hemp are federal legal, but legality and enforcement vary by state. Decriminalized in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh (. New Mexico, Virginia and Connecticut have also recently legalized cannabis for adults, while Alabama has authorized medical marijuana.
The site promised that, as president, Biden would support the legalization of cannabis for medical purposes, leave decisions on legalization for recreational use in the hands of states, and reprogram cannabis as a Schedule II drug so that researchers can study its positive and negative impacts. Nearly a decade has passed since voters in Colorado and Washington decided at the polls to legalize the recreational use of marijuana. Ralph Northam's suggestion to legalize the consumption, possession, and cultivation of marijuana on July 1, years ahead of initial legislation. And 38 states and DC have legalized medical marijuana, meaning that most Americans have access to cannabis, whether for medical or recreational purposes.
Recreational cannabis is now legal in the state and adults can own or use up to 1.5 ounces of marijuana. Vermont became the first state to legalize marijuana through the legislature, rather than an electoral initiative, when the Republican governor. Illinois is one of the few states to legalize the sale of marijuana through the state legislature, rather than a voting initiative. Proponents of marijuana legalization have encouraged President Joe Biden to order current Attorney General Merrick Garland to reinstate Cole's memorandum.
Three-quarters of U.S. UU. have legalized marijuana to a certain extent, although it is still a federally programmed substance. Pritzker, who made the legalization of marijuana a central component of his campaign for office, signed the bill into law.
In addition to New York, 18 other states have approved recreational cannabis use and a total of 38 have legalized medical marijuana. Phil Murphy signed legalization legislation, after months of back-and-forth discussions on criminal penalties for minors who possess marijuana and the proper way to establish a licensing framework for the sale of cannabis in the state, among other details. Dan McKee signed into law marijuana law Wednesday, May 25, although it will be a few months before cannabis stores are allowed to open. In addition, the District of Columbia and the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands have legalized medical marijuana.